City Logistic

We help you discover the technical terms and acronyms of City Logistics.


Data Entry

The insertion of identification or search keys for an item into the management software system.

Database Management System (DBMS)

Software designed for data storage and management.

Days of Coverage

The ratio between average stock and average daily consumption. This indicates the time of autonomy of the warehouse and the average time that goods reside in the warehouse, known as the throughput time.

DC (Distribution Centre)

Central structure of a chain of hypermarkets, supermarkets and large commercial activities which is used for the receipt, storage and delivery of goods to points of sale.

Dedicated Zones (Class Based Storage)

Physical allocation logic for the ULD according to which the storage area is divided into zones and a pre-determined class of items is dedicated to each area.


Logistics operation in which a group of packages are separated and sent out to multiple different delivery points.

Delivered Duty Paid (DDP)

Incoterm which means that the seller transports the goods, already cleared for import but not unloaded from the vehicle, to the destination. Unlike DDU (Delivered Duty Unpaid), the seller is not only responsible for all the costs and risks related to the transport operation, but also assumes the risks and charges associated with the completion of the customs import formalities. The seller is not responsible, however, for unloading the goods from the vehicle which is used to transport them to the agreed destination.

Delivering carrier

The carrier that physically transports the goods.


Delivery and distribution.

Delivery conditions

The conditions agreed between the carrier and the customer regarding the delivery of goods and / or services.

Delivery Cycle time

The time interval between the moment an order is received and the moment the goods that comply with this request are delivered.

Delivery Flexibility

The ability of a supplier to meet urgent and unforeseen customer needs. It can be measured as a percentage of urgent requests fulfilled with reference to the variation in the quantity of individual items with respect to the agreed values, the variation in the mix of items compared to what was agreed by contract and modification of the date of shipments.

Delivery Frequency

The number of scheduled deliveries in the unit of time taken as reference (days, weeks, months etc).

Delivery instructions

Document issued by a buyer giving instructions regarding the details of the delivery of the goods ordered.

Delivery note

Document that certifies that a given quantity of goods are leaving the warehouse.

Delivery plan

A plan which is authorized by the sales and technical departments and establishes the quantity per unit of time for the finished product to be shipped.

Delivery Time

The time between an order and delivery

Demand management

Activities ranging from forecasting demand to receiving order.

Deposit warrant

A document which represents good deposited in general warehouses. It is an instrument of credit that gives the holder the right to be returned the items deposited, as well as the right to dispose of them by transferring the title to third parties.

Digital Transformation

The term Digital Transformation indicates the impact of digital technology on society in general and on the business world in particular.

Direct Delivery

The transportation of goods directly from the seller to the buyer. Frequently used if a third-party acts as an intermediary buyer and seller.

Direct Shipment

Direct shipment by the supplier to the final customer, without using either their own platform or that of a logistics provider (this can be implemented when you want to avoid intermediate reloading).

Distribution channel

Chain of companies that make a supplier’s product accessible to the final consumer via a series of commercial transactions. This channel is generally characterized by its length (short or long channel) according to the number of intermediaries between the manufacturer and the supplier.

Door-to-Door Transport

The transport of a load from the sender’s premises to the recipient’s premises.

Drop Shipping

This refers to an agreement between the Retailer and a manufacturer or distributor, where orders are processed directly to the end customer. In other words, the seller does not keep any stock, but sends orders and information to the producer who then ships to the customer.